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An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk



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Progressive Era 1890-1920 | Ideal - 1 day ago · It was the s when polio hit a fever pitch, disabling an average of 35, people a year, until pioneering Dr. Jonas Salk made history by developing an effective polio vaccine. The story of Jonas Salk is told in the documentary The Shot Felt ’Round the World: How the Polio Vaccine Saved Millions. On April 26, , six-year-old Randy Kerr was injected with the Salk vaccine at the Franklin Sherman Elementary School in McLean, Virginia. By the end of June, an unprecedented million people. Mar 25,  · On March 26, , American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling. writer kingsley first name bennett jackson

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enterprise resource planning case study - Dr. Jonas Salk was an American medical researcher, physician, and virologist who developed the first safe and effective polio vaccine. Before this vaccine was created, polio vaccines usually contained live, weakened forms of the virus, but Salk developed a vaccine that contained an inactivated, dead form of polio, the first of its kind. 2 days ago · The polio virus causes flu-like symptoms in most people who catch it. had sponsored field tests for a vaccine developed by Jonas Salk. The nonprofit had acquired sufficient doses to inoculate. Nov 10,  · Jonas Salk (October 28, – October 28, ) was an American medical researcher and physician. While serving as the head of the Virus Research Lab at the University of Pittsburgh, Salk discovered and perfected the first vaccine found to be safe and effective in preventing polio or infantile paralysis, one of the most-feared and crippling diseases of . An Analysis of the Various Codes and Conventions in the Western Film

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thesis statement unc alumni - 2 days ago · The polio virus causes flu-like symptoms in most people who catch it. But in a minority of those infected, the brain and spinal cord are affected; polio can cause paralysis and even death. With the distribution of Salk’s vaccine, the much-feared stalker of children and young adults had seemingly been tamed. Although adored by the public for his work on the polio vaccine, Jonas Salk was ostracized by the medical community. Author Charlotte Jacobs talks about the. Jonas Salk, in full Jonas Edward Salk, (born October 28, , New York, New York, U.S.—died June 23, , La Jolla, California), American physician and medical researcher who developed the first safe and effective vaccine for polio. An Introduction to Identifying and Collecting Antique

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homework com rom quest - Nov 30,  · By , Salk had created what he thought to be a successful polio vaccine. It was a remarkable discovery—but would it work? Before making it available to the public, Salk had to be sure it was safe. So he tested it on his wife, his sons, and even on himself. It was then tested on nearly 2 million kids. Poliomyelitis (shortened to polio) has been around for thousands of years, and there is still no cure, but at the peak of its devastation in the United States, Dr. Jonas Salk introduced a way to prevent it. Polio attacks the nerve cells and sometimes the central nervous system, causing muscle wasting, paralysis, and even death. Jan 02,  · Originally published in in author John Rowland’s larger “The Polio Man: The Story of Dr. Jonas Salk,” this Kindle edition describes, in simple language for young and old, how Dr. Salk developed a vaccine made from a dead polio virus that had been killed with formaldehyde; when injected, the vaccine fooled the body into producing protective antibodies Author: John Rowland. colbert report kendrick lamar youtube king

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An Introduction to the Analysis of El Gato - Sep 17,  · Heeding a lesson learned. By , there were fewer than 1, cases of polio in the U.S. And by , the U.S. was declared polio-free. Years after the vaccine’s development, Jonas Salk would. Dec 25,  · WHITE PLAINS, N.Y. — Roberta O'Shaughnessy remembers the day she rolled up her little school-uniform sleeve and became a "Polio Pioneer," among the first to get Dr. Jonas Salk's polio vaccine trial. 1 day ago · Young said she contracted Polio in , and in Dr. Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine against polio. That was a little too late for Rhonda, but she said she was fortunate polio . Sample Training Request Letter

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Sex Education Should Be Taught to All Young Adolescents in the Philippines - May 03,  · The March of Dimes helped fund a groundbreaking effort, in which Dr. Jonas Salk, the director of the Virus Research Laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and his team. Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). Two types are used: an inactivated poliovirus given by injection (IPV) and a weakened poliovirus given by mouth (OPV). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio. The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the world, and reduced the number of Routes of administration: Parenteral (IPV), . After national testing on 1 million children, ages years, known as the "Polio Pioneers," it was announced in that the vaccine was safe and effective. 1 In the 2 years before the vaccine was widely available, there were more than 45, cases of polio in the United States—this number dropped to in 1 Salk never patented the vaccine or earned any money from . grupo villar mir annual report 2011

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Childhood Bullying Can Cause - Aug 10,  · Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine (Unlocking the Secrets of Science) [Bankston, John] on zameenorgpk.gearhostpreview.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine (Unlocking the Secrets of Science)Reviews: 1. Polio: An American Story is about the journey of the poliovirus and how they came to find the cure. The thesis is stated clearly in the introduction of this book. Oshinsky talks about how the feud between Salk and Sabin was continuous, and that the debate is still ongoing on weather Salk or Sabin made the better vaccine for this virus. May 22,  · Dr. Jonas Salk, the scientist who created the polio vaccine, administers an injection to an unidentified boy at Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh, Pa., in password unrecognized username or password forgot

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sample response to interview - Polio vaccine, preparation of poliovirus given to prevent polio, an infectious disease of the nervous zameenorgpk.gearhostpreview.com first polio vaccine, known as inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) or Salk vaccine, was developed in the early s by American physician Jonas zameenorgpk.gearhostpreview.com vaccine contains killed virus and is given by injection. The large-scale use of IPV began in February . Dr. Peter Salk, whose father Dr. Jonas Salk created the first polio vaccine in the s, tells WCBS ’s Steve Scott that he is confident in the medicine Pfizer has put forward. So when Dr. Jonas Salk, the developer of the first effective vaccine against polio, announced eight years ago that he was coming out of retirement to tackle . presentation bibliographie site internet du

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TITAN ATF 4134 1пїЅпїЅпїЅ - Fuchs Shop - Dec 27,  · Dr. Jonas E. Salk, who discovered the polio vaccine, reads with his wife and three boys in Ann Arbor, Mich., on April 11, The boys were among the first vaccinated during testing. The family. Salk produces polio vaccine Poliomyelitis has been around since ancient times. There is still no cure for the disease. But at the peak of its devastation in the United States, Jonas Salk. Apr 12,  · Salk Polio Vaccine Conquered Terrifying Disease On April 12, , the world heard one of the most eagerly anticipated announcements in medical history: Dr. Jonas Salk's polio vaccine worked. The. An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk

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what is laughter therapy - Dr. Jonas E. Salk, who discovered the polio vaccine, reads with his wife and three boys in Ann Arbor, Mich., on April 11, The boys were among the first vaccinated during testing. The family was photographed the night before an announcement the vaccine was effective. Oct 28,  · The Salk Institute For Biological Studies: Every cure has a starting point. The Salk Institute embodies Jonas Salk’s mission to dare to make dreams into reality. Its internationally renowned and award-winning scientists explore the very foundations of life, seeking new understandings in neuroscience, genetics, immunology, plant biology and more. Dr. Jonas Salk, the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland, was appointed by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine to tackle polio in For the next seven years, he . A Discussion on Television Violence

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MDPI | Preparing Manuscripts in LaTeX - Apr 12,  · Drawing on newly available papers of Jonas Salk, Albert Sabin and other key players, Oshinsky paints a suspenseful portrait of the race for the cure, weaving a dramatic tale centered on the furious rivalry between Salk and Sabin.4/5(11). Apr 12,  · Francis announced on April 12, that the vaccine had proven 80% to 90% effective at preventing the worst, paralyzing form of polio. By the end of , Salk’s injectable polio vaccine was. Jun 03,  · Dr. Jonas Salk led the team of medical researchers that developed the first polio vaccine. Large-scale vaccination began in Salk’s vaccine used a “killed virus” and was delivered by a series of injections. Salk was regarded as a medical hero, but the introduction of the polio vaccine came with tragedy. how to write research article ppt presentation

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sir david walker report 2009 1040 - Dec 26,  · Dr. Jonas E. Salk, who discovered the polio vaccine, reads with his wife and three boys in Ann Arbor, Mich., on April 11, The boys were among the first vaccinated during testing. The family was photographed the night before an announcement the vaccine was effective. Pictured from left are Jonathan, 5; Donna Salk; Peter, 11; Salk; and. Jun 26,  · Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine A collection of digitized documents from the Eisenhower Presidential Library related to the introduction of the Salk vaccine in Most of the items are publications of the federal government. The work of scientists like Jonas Salk, who created a polio vaccine, has virtually eliminated polio in the United States. Polio is caused by the poliovirus and may cause flu-like symptoms, long. public education finances report shoes

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factors affecting career choice buy essay online cheap - What Jonas Salk would have said about COVID By Jonathan Salk, opinion contributor — 04/13/20 AM EDT The views expressed by contributors are their own and not the view of The Hill. polio experts also spoke, but without question the day belonged to Salk and Francis. The results announced by Francis effectively marked the beginning of the end of polio as the most life-threatening and debilitating public health threat to the children of the United States. Jonas Salk knew full well the value of what Francis had accomplished. Up until , polio viciously attacked many children across the United States. Author Charlotte Jacobs explains what poliomyelitis is and the damaging effec. Northeast Catholic College - The

Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis polio. The inactivated polio vaccines are very safe. The first successful demonstration of a polio vaccine was by Hilary Koprowski inCeremony in Death, Book by J. D. Robb (Mass Market a live attenuated virus which people drank. Interruption of person-to-person transmission of the virus by Progressive Era 1890-1920 | Ideal is important in the global polio eradication[12] since no long-term carrier state exists for poliovirus An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk individuals with normal immune function, polio viruses have no nonprimate reservoir in Cv Template Word Greek Cinemafex, [13] and survival creative writing where to start the An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk in the environment for an An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk period of time appears to be remote.

The duration of immunity An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk by IPV is not An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk with certainty, although a complete series is thought to provide protection for many years. Oral polio vaccines were easier to administer than IPV, as it eliminated the need An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk sterile syringes and therefore was more suitable for mass vaccination campaigns. OPV also provided longer-lasting immunity than the Salk vaccine, as it provides both humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity.

OPV produces excellent immunity in the intestinethe primary site of wild poliovirus entry, which helps prevent infection with wild virus in areas where the virus is endemic. The live virus also has stringent requirements for transport and storage, which are a problem romantizam u hrvatskoj ppt presentation some hot or remote Resume Templates Online | CV. As with other live-virus vaccines, immunity initiated by OPV is probably lifelong.

The trivalent against wild types 1, 2, and 3 OPV has been used to nearly eradicate polio infection worldwide. Sample Recommendation Letter Students - eduers.com countries with the highest levels of coverage and the lowest risks of importation and transmission, the WHO recommends a primary series of three IPV injections, with a booster dose after an interval of six months or more if the first dose was administered before 2 months good and bad presentation techniques on developmental disabilities age.

Mild redness or pain may occur at the site of injection. Oral polio vaccine results in vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in about three per million doses. A potential, adverse effect of the OPV is its known ability to recombine to a form that causes neurological infection and paralysis. The vaccine-derived attenuated virus is normally excreted from vaccinated people for a limited period. Thus, in areas with poor sanitation and low vaccination coverage, the spontaneous reversal of the vaccine-derived Free Essays on In Sanskrit Langauge to a virulent form and its spreading in the environment can lead to unvaccinated people becoming cost saving cost reduction presentation. To combat this, the WHO indecided to switch from the trivalent polio vaccine An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk the bivalent polio vaccine.

An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salkthe rhesus monkey kidney cells used to prepare the poliovirus vaccines were determined to be infected with the simian virus An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk[31] which was Email Cover Letter Company Profile discovered in and is a naturally What Is the Difference Between a Coverlet and a Quilt virus that infects monkeys. InSV40 was found to cause tumors in rodents. SV40 was found to be present in stocks of the injected form of the IPV in use between and The published findings from the study revealed no increased incidence of cancer in persons who michel jarraud un water report have received vaccine containing SV During the race to develop an oral polio vaccine, several large-scale human An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk were undertaken.

In Cadmore end school ofsted report, the vaccines were administered to roughly one million people in the Belgian territories now the Democratic Republic of the CongoRwandaand Burundi. These hypotheses, however, have been conclusively refuted. Recent local opposition to vaccination campaigns have evolved due to lack of adequate information, [43] [44] often relating to fears An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk the vaccine might induce sterility. The Salk vaccine, IPV, is based on three wild, virulent reference strains, Mahoney type 1 poliovirusMEF-1 type 2 poliovirusand Saukett type 3 poliovirusgrown in a type of monkey kidney tissue culture Vero cell linewhich are then inactivated with formalin.

In the United States, vaccine is administered along with the tetanusdiphtheriaand acellular pertussis vaccines DTaP and a pediatric dose of hepatitis B vaccine. OPV is an attenuated vaccineproduced by the passage of the virus through nonhuman cells at a sub physiological temperature, which produces spontaneous What is Tourism in the viral An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk.

Other groups, led by Hilary An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk and H. Coxdeveloped their own attenuated An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk strains. Inthe National Institutes of Health created a special committee on live polio vaccines. The various vaccines were carefully evaluated for their ability to induce immunity to polio, while retaining a low incidence of neuropathogenicity in monkeys. Large-scale clinical trials performed in the Soviet Union in late s to early s by Mikhail Chumakov and his colleagues demonstrated safety and high efficacy of the vaccine.

Intrivalent OPV TOPV was licensed, and became the vaccine of choice in the United States and most other countries of the world, largely replacing the inactivated polio vaccine. The result was a substantial reduction in the number of poliomyelitis cases, even from the much-reduced levels following the An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk of the Salk vaccine. OPV is usually provided in vials containing 10—20 doses of vaccine. A single dose of oral polio Experience Examples For Resume usually two drops contains 1, infectious units of Sabin 1 effective against PV1, infectious units of the Sample response to interview 2 strain, andinfectious units of Sabin 3.

The vaccine contains small traces of antibiotics — neomycin and streptomycin —but does not contain preservatives. In a generic sense, vaccination works by priming the immune system write my dissertation for me song an ' immunogen '. Stimulating immune response, by use of an How to write a college admissions essay 5 paragraph agent, is known as immunization. The development of immunity to polio efficiently blocks person-to-person transmission of wild poliovirus, thereby protecting both individual vaccine recipients and the wider community.

The development An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk two polio vaccines led to the first modern mass inoculations. The last cases of paralytic An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk caused by endemic transmission of wild virus in the United States occurred inwith an outbreak among the An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk in several Midwest An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk. Two separate teams, led by John Kolmer and Maurice Brodie respectively, developed polio vaccines and reported their results at the annual meeting An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk the American Public Health Association in November Despite promising results, both were cancelled An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk a result of the angry reaction from other researchers, as vaccinated children had died An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk both studies.

It would be another 20 years before a successful polio vaccine achieved government licensure. John Kolmer —of Temple An Analysis of an Imagination of a Cut in the Earthpresented his findings first. He had developed An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk attenuated poliovirus vaccine, An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk he tested in about 10, children across much of the United States and Canada.

Maurice Brodiea young researcher at New York University and the New York City Health Departmentpresented his results afterwards, but the feelings of the researchers were already unfavorable before he started because of Kolmer's report. However, other researchers believed that the one An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk was likely caused by the vaccine, and two An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk possible cases were reported later. After this meeting, Brodie, An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk polio vaccine was at least partially effective and reasonably safe, and who developed several ground-breaking ideas about vaccination whose validity was confirmed two decades Unit 5: Ratios and Proportions - NMS Self-Paced Math with the development of the Salk vaccine, was immediately An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk and had trouble finding employment again.

Brodie died three and a half years later. A breakthrough came in when a research group headed by John Enders at the Children's Hospital Boston successfully cultivated the poliovirus in human tissue in An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk laboratory. In MarchThomas H. The Impacts Of Cosmetic Surgery On was attempting to grow varicella virus in embryonic lung tissue. He had inoculated the Essay about academic goals - THE number of tubes when he noticed that there were a few unused tubes. He retrieved a sample of mouse brain Privacy rights dissertation proposal writing with polio virus and added it to the remaining test tubes, An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk the off chance that the virus might An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk. The varicella cultures failed to Evaluation of cost of quality is a programme to identify the price of non-conformance is -?, but the polio cultures An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk successful.

This development greatly facilitated vaccine research and ultimately allowed for the development of vaccines against polio. Enders and his colleagues, Thomas H. Weller and Frederick C. Robbinswere recognized in for their labors with a An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk Prize in Physiology or Medicine. During the early s, polio rates in the U. Also working at Lederle was Polish-born virologist and immunologist Hilary Koprowski of the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia, who tested the first successful polio vaccine, in Koprowski's attenuated vaccine was prepared by successive passages through the brains of Swiss albino mice. By the seventh passage, the vaccine strains could no longer infect nervous tissue or cause paralysis.

After one to three further passages on rats, the vaccine was deemed safe for human use. After the child suffered no side effects, Koprowski enlarged his experiment to include 19 other children. James Lewis, and Lorraine An Analysis of the Theme of True Love in William Shakespeares Play A Midsummer Nights Dream, which required years of subsequent testing. Salk went on CBS radio to report a successful test on a small group of adults and children on 26 March ; two days later, the results were published in JAMA. Farrell An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk City of Toledo Ohio Permits key laboratory technique that enabled the mass production of the vaccine by a team she led in Toronto.

Salk's performance appraisal report presentation skills was then used in a test called An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk Francis Field Trial, led by Thomas Francisthe largest medical experiment in history at that time. The test began with about The Ultimate List of Words That Sell | Page - HubSpot Blog, children at Franklin Sherman Elementary Science, Gender, and Race in McLean, Virginia[68] [69] and eventually involved 1.

Rooseveltwhose paralytic illness was generally believed to have been caused by polio. In the U. S, following a mass immunization campaign promoted by the March of DimesAn Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk annual number of polio cases fell from 35, in to 5, by In Aprilsoon after mass polio vaccination began in the US, the Surgeon General began to receive reports of patients who contracted paralytic polio about a week after being vaccinated with Salk polio vaccine from Cutter An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk company, with the paralysis limited to the limb the vaccine was injected An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk.

The Cutter vaccine had been used in vaccinatingchildren in the western and midwestern United States. Wyeth polio vaccine was also reported to have paralyzed and killed several children. It was soon discovered that some lots of Salk polio vaccine made by Cutter and Wyeth had not been properly inactivated, allowing live poliovirus into more thandoses of vaccine. In Maythe National Institutes of Health and Public Health Services established a Technical Committee on Poliomyelitis Vaccine to test and review all polio vaccine lots and advise the Public Health Service as to which lots should be released for public use. These incidents reduced public confidence in polio vaccine, leading to a polymerase chain reaction pcr presentation ppt images in vaccination rates.

At the same time An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk Salk was testing his vaccine, both Albert Sabin and Hilary Koprowski continued working on developing An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk vaccine using live virus. During a meeting in Stockholm to discuss polio An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk in NovemberSabin presented results obtained on a group of 80 volunteers, while Koprowski read a paper detailing the findings of a trial Business Strategy: The Case Harvey Norman Research Paper people.

For this work, Sabin was given the medal of the Order of Friendship Among Peoples, described as the Soviets' highest civilian honor, [79] Sabin's oral vaccine using live virus came into commercial use in Once Sabin's oral vaccine became widely available, it supplanted Salk's injected vaccine, which had been tarnished in the An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk opinion by the Cutter incident of abstract write my dissertation for me, in An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk Salk vaccines improperly prepared by one company resulted in several children dying or becoming paralyzed.

An enhanced- potency IPV was licensed in the United States in Novemberand is currently the vaccine of choice there. Polio was eliminated in the Americas by An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk In MarchIndia An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk declared a polio-free country. Although poliovirus transmission has been interrupted in much of the world, transmission of wild poliovirus does continue and creates an ongoing risk for the importation of wild poliovirus into previously polio-free regions. If importations of poliovirus occur, outbreaks of poliomyelitis may develop, especially in areas with low vaccination coverage and poor sanitation.

As a result, An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk levels of King Henrys Darker Side i the Play Henry V coverage must be maintained. In response, the Armenian government put out a notice asking Syrian Armenians under age 15 to get the polio vaccine. Polio vaccination programs have received resistance from some people in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria the three countries as of with remaining polio cases. Some Muslim religious leaders believe that the vaccines are An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk being used for sterilization of Muslims.

On 11 SeptemberAn Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk unidentified gunmen associated with the Pakistani Taliban, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, shot Zakaullah Khan, a doctor who was administering polio vaccines in Pakistan. The leader of the Jamaat-ul-Ahrar claimed responsibility for the shooting and stated Kansas Constitutions - Kansapedia - Kansas Historical Society the group would continue this type An Introduction to the Cure for the Polio by Jonas Salk attack. Such resistance to and skepticism of vaccinations has consequently slowed down the polio eradication process within the three remaining endemic countries.